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Teaching Narrative Nonfiction

December 8, 2018 4 Comments
New to the narrative nonfiction unit? Grab some ideas to get started with your students and check out some awesome mentor texts!

I remember when I first saw the term “narrative nonfiction” in my state’s reading standards and honestly, I didn’t know what it meant! If you’re new to teaching a narrative nonfiction unit, I hope this post will give you a good overview to get you started!

What Is Narrative Nonfiction?

Narrative nonfiction, or literary nonfiction, is nonfiction text that uses a storytelling structure to present factual information about a topic, such as a real person or event (versus expository text, which simply presents the facts). It’s part of the literary nonfiction genre. Since the facts are written in a narrative format with characters, a setting, a plot, etc., it can be a more engaging and memorable way for students to learn about the world.

New to the narrative nonfiction unit? Grab some ideas to get started with your students and check out some awesome mentor texts!

It’s kind of tricky to differentiate between narrative nonfiction and historical fiction. To me, the difference is that narrative nonfiction is more about presenting facts through a story, and historical fiction is more about telling a story that is based on some facts. Clear as mud, lol.

Biographies, autobiographies, and memoirs are definitely part of the narrative nonfiction genre, but it can also include texts based on historical events or other topics like animals. The good news is that there’s a huge variety of options that will attract readers with different interests in your classroom.

Introducing Narrative Nonfiction

There are tons of ways you can do this, but one activity to start the unit is to put out a selection of nonfiction, fiction, and narrative nonfiction books and have students explore them. You can have them work in small groups to discuss what they notice about the formats of the books and maybe sort them into groups.

They’ll start to see that expository nonfiction books have text features and mostly stick to the facts, but narrative nonfiction books look a lot more like fiction books. You can have groups share out the characteristics they’re seeing and create an anchor chart.

Following this activity up with a mentor text for an interactive read aloud can lead to discussions about the format and author’s purpose of narrative nonfiction. And there are so many great options, I read one every day of the unit!

Book Pairings

Another good way for students to see the difference between expository texts and narrative nonfiction texts is to use book pairings. You can match narrative nonfiction books with nonfiction titles on the same topic. Students can compare and contrast the structures and details of the two books. I ask students to discuss which type is the most efficient to use if you need to find a fact quickly, and I also like to have them chat about which type they personally prefer. You can also try using shorter paired passages, which are great for reading groups.

Here are some examples of book pairings:

The Boy Who Harnessed the Wind [picture book version] by William Kamkwamba and Wind Power: Alternative Energy by Matthew Ziem


I, Fly: The Buzz About Flies and How Awesome They Are by Bridget Heos and Flies by Larry Dane Brimner


You can also compare narrative nonfiction books or passages with fiction ones. Students can highlight the facts they find in the narrative nonfiction passages. This will help them to see that while they’re entertained, the main purpose of the text is to teach them information.

Relevant Skills and Standards

There are tons of reading skills that you can weave into a literary nonfiction unit, including:

  • summarizing the events and supporting details (and sequencing, too)
  • drawing conclusions and making inferences
  • identifying the conflict and resolution
  • analyzing the author’s word choice (i.e., figurative language, descriptive words, vocabulary)
  • identifying cause and effect relationships
  • inferring character traits
  • identifying the narrator of the story
  • describing how the language, characters, and setting contribute to the plot
  • explaining the author’s purpose
  • synthesizing the main idea of the text (i.e., what are this person’s contributions/why is this event significant?)

My fourth graders were struggling one year with summarizing the events of a text. I read aloud Only Passing Through: The Story of Sojourner Truth by Anne Rockwell. We identified the major events in the story as a class and then I assigned partners one event to illustrate and write in their own words. We put them together to create our own timeline of the book and it made a really nice display.

This genre is a perfect one to dive deep into character analysis and have students infer character traits using evidence from the text. They can practice making conclusions about that person’s contributions or the event’s significance. I’ve also had some great conversations with my students about what might have happened to the character(s) if they’d lived in a different place or time.

My Favorite Narrative Nonfiction Titles

Here are a few narrative nonfiction mentor texts that I recommend for 3rd-6th grades! Click on the titles for more info!

Scholastic News and Time for Kids are some other good places to look for short narrative nonfiction articles.

I think narrative nonfiction is a really engaging and fun genre to teach. It definitely makes informational text more accessible for reluctant readers! It’s also fun to have students write their own narrative nonfiction pieces after researching a person or topic of interest to them. If you have some fun activities for teaching narrative nonfiction, let me know in the comments!

This post contains affiliate links; I earn a small commission from products purchased through these links.

New to the narrative nonfiction unit? Grab some ideas to get started with your students and check out some awesome mentor texts!


  • Rachel orndorff December 4, 2019 at 9:08 am

    Hey there –
    I was wondering if you had a link to the anchor chart you used?
    So glad I found your site and TPT – need more VA TPT teachers 🙂

    • Alyssa December 7, 2019 at 2:17 pm

      Hi Rachel, I’m glad you’re finding the content helpful! Please email me through the Contact page and I can send it to you!

  • Erin Marie Christenson February 7, 2020 at 2:56 pm

    I would love to have the anchor chart that you used! I’ll be using your guidance as I teach this for the first time! So great!

  • Antoinette October 19, 2020 at 10:41 pm

    I was searching for additional work on narrative nonfiction. I found this very attractive and informative for fourth graders in this virtual learning era. I will definitely use the image as my introduction.

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    Alyssa Teaches

    Alyssa Teaches


    I'm Alyssa! I've taught first and fourth grade and am now an elementary school librarian in Virginia. I have a teacher husband, three kids (6, 5, and 2), and a new pup! I love creating resources, Coca-Cola, and chocolate!


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